Jaleco

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Jaleco
Corporation
ISIN141-0031
IndustryVideo game
FateDissolved
FoundedOctober 3, 1974 (Japan Leisure)
July 3, 2006 (Jaleco Holding)
DefunctMay 21, 2014
HeadquartersShinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Yoshiaki Kanazawa (founder)
ProductsVideo games
Arcade cabinets
Aquarium equipment
OwnerPCCW
(2000 - 2005)

Game Yarou
(2009 - 2014)
DivisionsJaleco USA
JAQNO
Websitehttp://www.jalecogames.co.jp/

Jaleco Ltd. (株式会社ジャレコ, Kabushiki Kaisha Jareko) was a corporate brand name that was used by two previously connected video game developers and publishers, based out of Japan. The original Jaleco company was founded in 1974 as Japan Leisure Company, founded by Yoshiaki Kanazawa, before being renamed to simply Jaleco in the early 1980s. This company was later acquired in 2000 by PCCW, who rebranded it as their Japanese game division, PCCW Japan, before being reverted to Jaleco in 2002. In 2006, Jaleco became independent from PCCW and renamed to Jaleco Holding, having their video game operations spun-off into a new company also called Jaleco. This new spin-off company was sold to mobile developer Game Yarou in 2009, with Jaleco Holding renaming itself to Encom Holdings shortly after.

Jaleco is best known for their arcade and home console video games produced in the 1980s and early 1990s, including City Connection, Bases Loaded, Ninja JaJaMaru-kun, Exerion, Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai and Rushing Beat. Jaleco would also produce arcade cabinets for other game developers, alongside redemption arcade games and UFO catcher claw machines. In the past, the company produced amusement park equipment and aquarium parts, under their JAQNO brand name. Their North American division, Jaleco USA, would publish a number of titles for the NES and SNES, including Maniac Mansion, Pinball Quest and R-Type III.

In 2014, Jaleco's parent company Game Yarou filed for bankruptcy, causing Jaleco to vanish from the video game industry. The company's video game assets would be purchased by City Connection, an indie Japanese studio that continues to use their games for other side projects and licencing deals (the company itself being named after one of Jaleco's games). The original Jaleco company, Encom Holdings, would quit the video game business in 2009, citing stiff competition in the industry, instead dealing in real estate. Encom would soon dissolve in 2013, being delisted from the JASDAQ that same year.

History[edit]

Jaleco was founded by Japanese businessman Yoshiaki Kanazawa on October 3, 1974. They were originally known as the Japan Leisure Co., Ltd. (株式会社ジャパンレジャー, Kabushiki-gaisha Japan Rejā), producing equipment for both amusement parks and arcade centers across Japan. The company was originally based out of Setagaya-ku, Tokyo.

Japan Leisure would begin production of arcade video games by 1982, and would change their corporate name to Jaleco in March 1983, an anagram of their older name. Jaleco would soon begin production of home console video games for the Nintendo Entertainment System in Japan - alongside Hudson, Namco, Taito, Capcom and Konami, they were one of the first third-party developers for the system, and were given special provisions, such as the ability to manufacture their own game cartridges. Towards the mid 1980s, Jaleco would begin production of equipment for aquarium tanks, which were released under their JAQNO brand name. A North American office, Jaleco USA, opened in Wheeling, Illinois - this division commonly published other third-party video games for both the NES and SNES consoles, notably Maniac Mansion and R-Type III, alongside distribution of Jaleco video games in the United States.

In late 1993, Jaleco's North American division would depart from the arcade game scene, becoming solely a producer of games for home platforms. By 2000, Jaleco was struggling financially, being unable to produce a hit video game in several years. To keep the company afloat, Jaleco was acquired by Hong Kong-based company PCCW on November 1, 2000, where they would become the Japanese division of the company, renamed to PCCW Japan. Heavy company restructure was done, with Jaleco's arcade division and other non-profitable areas of the company shuttering, whilst retaining their home console video game division. In April 2001, PCCW Japan purchased the VR-1 Group, the holder of North American MMO developer VR-1 Entertainment, in order to have their operations expand globally. In October 2002, PCCW Japan merged Jaleco USA and VR-1 Entertainment into a new company, Jaleco Entertainment, relocating to Buffalo, New York. PCCW Japan would soon be renamed back to Jaleco in 2004. They would continue to operate for several years as a subsidiary of PCCW, producing video games for home consoles and Japanese mobile phones, alongside soundtrack albums and applications for web browsers.

In August 2005, PCCW sold off Jaleco to Sandringham Fund SPC, alongside the subsidiary company Hyperlink Investments Group. On May 31, 2006, Jaleco's board of directors (JASDAQ7954) would rename the company to Jaleco Holding, having their video game operations spun-off into a new company also known as Jaleco, which would become a subsidiary of Jaleco Holding. The corporate restructure was done in order to establish the company's non-video game products. In October 2007, Hyperlink Investments Group would sell its stock in Jaleco Holding to Game Yarou, a Japanese mobile phone developer, and two South Korean corporations, STIC Pioneer Fund and A2i. Jaleco Holdings dissolved two subsidiary companies, FFBC Investment and J Consulting, in early 2008. Jaleco's North American division, Jaleco Entertainment, would close their doors later that year.

On January 15, 2009, Jaleco Holding would sell off Jaleco to Game Yarou for a total of ¥1 (US$0.01), however Game Yarou would soon assume ¥700,000,000 ($7.736 million) of Jaleco Holding's ¥16,000,000,000 ($17.68 million) loan - A spokesperson for Jaleco Holding cited "increasing competition in recent years in the video game market" as the reason for the company's retirement in the industry, which was proving to be difficult for the company to stay afloat.[1] Under ownership from Game Yarou, Jaleco would produce vidoeo games for Japanese mobile phones and web browsers, alongside licensing many of their older video games to third-party developers for use in other projects. On March 2, Jaleco announced that it would release a video game for the Wii, Ougon no Kizuna, on May 29 of that year.

By 2012, Game Yarou was in a financial crisis due to high debt and poor sales of their mobile titles - they were officially declared bankrupt by the Tokyo District Court on May 21, 2014. Jaleco would soon vanish from the video game industry, with their video games being acquired later that year by Japanese company City Connection, formerly known as Clarice Disk. The company continues to use Jaleco video games for a number of projects, alongside licensing them out to other developers for use in other products. Jaleco Holding would rename itself to Encom Holdings in April 2009, focusing on real estate and finance business in Japan and no longer being involved with video games. Encom Holdings would dissolved on May 13, 2013, and be delisted from the JASDAQ that same day, due to poor reputation and loss of income.

Games[edit]

Arcade[edit]

  • Blue Print (1982, Japanese distribution only, developed by Ashby Computers and Graphics)
  • Check Man (1982, released by Zilec-Zenitone in North America)
  • Naughty Boy (1982, released by Cinematronics in North America)
  • Pop Flamer (1982, released by Stern-Seeburg in North America)
  • Chameleon (1983, developed by Donga-Seiko)
  • Exerion (1983, released in North America by Taito)
  • Grasspin (1983, developed by Ashby Computers and Graphics)
  • Dingo (1983, developed by Ashby Computers and Graphics)
  • Saturn (1983, developed by Ashby Computers and Graphics)
  • Top Roller (1983)
  • D-Day (1984)
  • Formation Z (1984, released by Williams in North America as Aeroboto)
  • Gate-In! Wai Wai Jockey (1984, Japan-exclusive, developed by Casio)
  • Parallel Turn (1984)
  • Pinbo (1984)
  • City Connection (1985, developed by Hect, released by Kitkorp in North America as Cruisin')
  • Field Combat (1985)
  • Vs. Ninja JaJaMaru-Kun (1985, Japan-exclusive)
  • Argus (1986, developed by NMK)
  • Momoko 120% (1986, Japan-exclusive)
  • Valtric (1986, developed by NMK)
  • Butasan (1987, Japan-exclusive, developed by NMK)
  • Exerizer (1987, released by Nichibutsu in North America as Sky Fox)
  • Psychic 5 (1987)
  • Arm Champs (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dynamic Shoot Kyousou (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • Ninja Kazan (1988)
  • Kick Off: Jaleco Cup (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • Legend of Makai (1988, developed by NMK)
  • Moero!! Pro Yakyuu Homerun Kyousou (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • NEW Moero!! Pro Yakyuu Homerun Kyousou (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • P-47: The Phantom Fighter (1988)
  • Shingen: Samurai-Fighter (1988, Japan-exclusive)
  • Big Run: The Supreme 4WD Challenge: 11e Rallye (1989)
  • Hachoo! (1989, Japan-exclusive)
  • Jitsuryoku!! Pro Yakyuu (1989, Japan-exclusive)
  • Mahjong Daireikai (1989, developed by NMK, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Plus Alpha (1989)
  • Saint Dragon (1989, developed by NMK)
  • Alien Command (1990, ticket redemption game)
  • Cisco Heat (1990)
  • Ganbare JaJaMaru Saisho wa Goo (1990, Japan-exclusive)
  • Mahjong Channel Zoom In (1990, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Mahjong Kakumei (1990, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Rod Land (1990)
  • Big III: 3Reel Roulette (1990, Japan-exclusive)
  • 64th Street: A Detective Story (1991, developed by C.P. Brain)
  • Avenging Spirit (1991, developed by C.P. Brain)
  • Earth Defense Force (1991)
  • Grand Prix Star (1991)
  • Joyful Cards: Jaleco 5Reel Poker (1991, Japan-exclusive)
  • Circus Circus (1991, Japan-exclusive)
  • Arabian Nights (1991, Japan-exclusive)
  • Wonder Hunting (1991, Japan-exclusive)
  • Mini Hunting (1991, Japan-exclusive)
  • Arm Champs II (1992)
  • Big Striker (1992, developed by C.P. Brain)
  • Mahjong Kakumei 2: Princess League (1992, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Soldam (1992)
  • Wild Pilot (1992)
  • B.O.T.S.S.: Battle of the Solar System (1992, North American distribution only, developed by MicroProse)
  • Jokers Wild (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Draw Poker (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Four Jokers (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Raise Bet Poker (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Axis Bells (1992, Japan-exclusive, originally released by Wing as Lucky Bells)
  • Slot Match: 3Reel Slot (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Wonder Hunting II (1992, Japan-exclusive)
  • Captain Flag (1993, Japan-exclusive)
  • VS Super Captain Flag (1993, Japan-exclusive)
  • Cybattler (1993)
  • F-1 Grand Prix Star II (1993)
  • Hayaoshi Quiz Ouza Ketteisen: The King of Quiz (1993, Japan-exclusive)
  • Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai Special (1993, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Peek-a-Boo! (1993, erotic game)
  • Super Strong Warriors (1993, Japan-exclusive)
  • Rolling Panic (1993, Japan-exclusive, originally released by Excellent System as Dream 9 Final)
  • Basket Bull (1993, North America-exclusive ticket redemption game)
  • Best Bout Boxing (1994)
  • F-1 Super Battle (1994)
  • Hayaoshi Quiz Grand Champion Taikai (1994, Japan-exclusive)
  • Hayaoshi Quiz Nettou Namahousou (1994, Japan-exclusive)
  • Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai II (1994, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • World PK Soccer (1994)
  • Scud Hammer (1994, Japan-exclusive)
  • Battle K-Road (1994, North American distribution only, originally released by Psikyo)
  • Gunbird (1994, North American distribution only, originally released by Psikyo)
  • Alley Cats (1994, North America-exclusive ticket redemption game)
  • Spider Stompin' (1994, North American distribution only, originally released by Island Design)
  • Spider Splattin' (1994, North American distribution only, originally released by Island Design)
  • Desert War (1995, developed by NMK)
  • The Game Paradise: Master of Shooting! (1995)
  • Mahjong Angel Kiss (1995, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • P-47 Aces (1995, developed by NMK)
  • Tetris Plus (1995)
  • Super Circuit Red Zone (1995)
  • Gratia: Second Earth (1996)
  • Ryuusei Janshi Kirara Star (1996, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Super GT 24h (1996)
  • World PK Soccer V2 (1996)
  • Skating Shot (1996, Japan-exclusive prize redemption game)
  • Over Rev (1997)
  • Tetris Plus 2 (1997)
  • Vs. Janshi Brandnew Stars (1997, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Puzzle Uo Poko (1997, developed by Cave)
  • Match Three (1997, North America-exclusive ticket redemption game, developed by HanaHo Games)
  • Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai III (1999, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • VJ: Visual & Music Slap (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • VJ: Visual & Music Slap DASH (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rave Master (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Stepping Stage (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Stepping Stage Special (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Stepping Stage 2 SUPREME (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Stepping 3 SUPERIOR (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rock'n Tread (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rock'n Tread 2 (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rock'n MegaSession (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rock'n 3 (1999, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Rock'n 4 (2000, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)
  • Dream Audition (2000, Japan-exclusive rhythm game)

PC[edit]

MSX[edit]

NES/Famicom[edit]

Super NES/Super Famicom[edit]

GameCube[edit]

Wii[edit]

  • Zenkoku Dekotora Matsuri (2008, Japan-exclusive, developed by Suzak)
  • Ougon no Kizuna (2009, Japan-exclusive, developed by TownFactory)

Game Boy[edit]

Game Boy Color[edit]

  • Get Mushi Club: Minna no Konchuu Daizukan (1999, Japan-exclusive)
  • Pocket Bowling (1999, North American distribution only, developed by Athena)

Game Boy Advance[edit]

  • Kawaii Pet Shop Monogatari 3 (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan)
  • Sea Trader: Rise of Taipan (2002, North America-exclusive)
  • Scan Hunter: Sen Nen Kaiuo wo Oe! (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan, developed by DA1)
  • Darius R (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan, developed by RideonJapan)
  • Toukon Heat (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan)
  • Jazz Jackrabbit (2002, developed by Game Titan)
  • Karnaaj Rally (2003, developed by Paragon 5)
  • Super Bubble Pop (2003, North America-exclusive, developed by Runecraft)
  • JaJa-Kun Jr. Denshouki (2004, Japan-exclusive)
  • Moero!! Jaleco Collection (2004, Japan-exclusive)

Nintendo DS[edit]

  • Brain Buster Puzzle Pak (2006, Japanese distribution only, developed by Suzak)
  • Chuukana Janshi Tenhoo Painyan Remix (2006, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Puchi Puchi Virus (2007, released in North America by NIS America)
  • Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai III Remix (2007, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Nep League DS (2007, Japan-exclusive)
  • Denjirou Sensei no Fushigi na Jikkenshitsu (2008, Japan-exclusive)
  • Chou!! Nep League DS (2008, Japan-exclusive)
  • Imasugu Tsukaeru Mamechishiki: Quiz Zatsugaku-Ou DS (2010, Japan-exclusive quiz game)
  • WiZmans World (2010, Japan-exclusive RPG)

PlayStation[edit]

PlayStation 2[edit]

  • Stepping Selection (2000, Japan-exclusive)
  • Rock'n MegaStage (2000, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dream Audition (2000, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dream Audition 2 (2000, Japan-exclusive)
  • Super Micchan (2001, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dream Audition 3 (2001, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dream Audition Super Hit Disc 1 (2001, Japan-exclusive)
  • Dream Audition Super Hit Disc 2 (2001, Japan-exclusive)
  • Raging Blades (2002, released as PCCW Japan)
  • Hooligan: Kimi no Naka no Yuuki (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan)
  • Baldur's Gate: Dark Alliance (2002, Japanese distribution only, released as PCCW Japan, developed by Snowblind Studios)
  • Toukon Inoki Michi: Puzzle de Daa! (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan, developed by Matrix Software)
  • Idol Janshi R: Janguru Project (2002, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game, released as PCCW Japan)
  • Lowrider (2002)
  • Sweet Legacy (2002, Japan-exclusive, released as PCCW Japan, developed by Frontwing)
  • Goblin Commander: Unleash the Horde (2003)
  • Otona no Gal Jan: Kimi ni Hane Man (2003, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game, released as PCCW Japan)
  • World Championship Pool 2004 (2004, North America-exclusive, developed by Blade Interactive)
  • Room Zoom: Race for Impact (2005, Europe-exclusive, developed by Blade Interactive)
  • World Super Police (2005, developed by Suzak)
  • Otona no Gal Jan 2 (2005, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)
  • Idol Janshi Suchie-Pai IV (2007, Japan-exclusive strip mahjong game)

Xbox[edit]

Sega Saturn[edit]

Sega Dreamcast[edit]

WonderSwan[edit]

3DO[edit]

Mobile[edit]

  • Antonio Inoki vs Jaleco (アントニオ猪木VSジャレコ) (2004, Japan-exclusive, developed by Inoki International)
  • Jumping Peng (ペンギンピコの大冒険) (2009, Japan-exclusive, developed by Mobileday)
  • Magic Block Limited Edition (マジックブロック) (2009, Japan-exclusive, developed by Mobileday)

Cancelled[edit]

  • Exerion (NES, 1985, cancelled North American release)
  • Block Buster (Arcade, 1987, also known as Bombs Away)
  • Vs. Great Tennis (Arcade, 1988)
  • Bashi Bazook: Morphoid Master (1988, cancelled North American release of Bio Senshi Dan: Increaser tono Tatakai)
  • Counter Force (Arcade, 1989)
  • R&T (Arcade, 1990, European prototype of Rod Land)
  • Super Dog Booby: Akachan Daibouken no Maki (Famicom, 1990, developed by Taito)
  • Taro's Quest (NES, 1990, cancelled North American release of JaJaMaru Ninpou Chou)
  • In Your Face (Arcade, 1991, developed by Jaleco USA)
  • Squashed (NES, 1991, cancelled North American release of Ninja JaJaMaru: Ginga Daisakusen)
  • War on Wheels (NES, 1991, developed by Sculptured Software)
  • Captain Flag (Arcade, 1992, North American release cancelled)
  • Chimera Beast (Arcade, 1993, developed by C.P. Brain)
  • Kick for the Goal (Arcade, 1994, prototype version of World PK Soccer)
  • Crossroads (1999, PC, developed by VR-1)
  • Navy Force (2000, PS2)
  • Carrier 2: The Next Mutation (2001, PS2)
  • Lost Continents (2003, PC, developed by VR-1)
  • World Championship Pool 2004 (2005, GameCube, North American release cancelled)
  • Ninja JaJaMaru-kun: Pen wa Ken Yorimo Kyoushidegozaru (2006, DS)

Emcom Holdings subsidiaries[edit]

  • EMCOM Co., Ltd.
  • EMCOM FINANCIAL Co.,Ltd
  • EMCOM CONSULTING Co., Ltd.
  • EMCOM ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY Co., Ltd.
  • EMCOM FIRST CLASS SERVICES Co.,Ltd
  • EMCOM REALTY
  • EMCOM HEALTHCARE Co., Ltd.
  • EMCOM CAPITAL
  • EMAT Information Technology
  • Universal Forex
  • Edgesoft
  • Edge Communication service
  • Edgedu Edgesoft

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Jenkins. "Jaleco Leaves Games Biz Due To 'Increasing Competition'". Gamasutra.

External links[edit]